Liptov

The sub-region of Liptov stretches over an area of 1970 km2 and is situated in the eastern and western part of the Liptov valley known as Dolný and Horný Liptov (Upper and Lower Liptov). Liptov includes the valley of the river Váh and its tributaries – Biely Váh, Čierny Váh and other streams and is surrounded by the ridges of the Western Tatras, High Tatras, Chočské mountains and Veľká Fatra mountains. The highest peak is Bystrá (2,248 meters above the sea level). In central part of the region, there is an artificial dam called Liptovská Mara, with the area of 21 km2.

The territory was a part of the Liptov County since the Middle Ages up to 1923, then it belonged to the Podtatranská County until 1928. At present, Liptov is the largest region included in the Žilina self-governing region. It has a population of more than 133 000 inhabitants, living in 3 towns and 74 villages.

The region can boast 249 immovable and 479 movable protected relics, one almost in every village. Liptov also features eleven National Cultural Monuments, what is the highest number from all territories in the Žilina self-Governing Region. These monuments include a great variety of sites such as the fortified settlement Havránok – archaeological site of Later Iron Age, medieval wall-paintings in the Roman Catholic Church of All Saints at Ludrová-Kúty, Worker’s House Čierny orol (Black Eagle) in the town of Liptovský Mikuláš, the Roman Catholic Church of Virgin Mary of Rosary, Town Hall, Mausoleum of Andrej Hlinka in Ružomberok, epitaph of Černová massacre and memorial of the massacre at Ružomberok-Černová etc.

Liptov features a lot of well preserved historical buildings presenting the life of the ancestors. The protected area of folk architecture at Vlkolínec is inscribed in the List of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage. Tourists interested in folk culture can also visit an open-air-museum Pribylina, the largest outdoor display of folk architecture in Slovakia, situated under the Slovak national peak Kriváň (2495 asl). Lovers of folk music and traditions are invited to the biggest folk festival in Slovakia called Východná, organized annually by a distinctive village of the same name. The articular Lutheran church at Liptovský Kríž is one of the must-see tourist destinations in Liptov. The church was built in 1693 purely from wood, and no iron or stone was used during the construction. Visitors can also find numerous protected zones – at Hybe, Liptovský Ján, Nižná Boca, Partizánska Ľupča, Stankovany-Podšíp and Východná, the Likava Castle, manor houses at Bešeňová, Liptovská Štiavnica, Liptovská Teplá, Liptovský Hrádok, Liptovský Ján and many others.

The region is rich in thermal waters which have beneficial effects on human health; these are utilized in Spa Lúčky and Spa Korytnica. Thermal pools are situated in Bešeňová and Liptovský Ján as well. The largest all-year-round aqua park in Central Europe, Tatralandia, is also popular with tourists. Liptovská Mara Dam offers excellent conditions for water sports and fishing and thus is an attractive place for recreation and holidays in summer.

Liptov belongs to the most popular touristic region of Slovakia, as it occupies the territories of three national parks: High Tatras National park, Low Tatras National park and Veľká Fatra National Park. The surrounding mountains reach altitudes over 2 000 meters above sea level and provide a lot of marked and well maintained tourist trails and cycling routes of various difficulty, suitable for all kinds of keen hikers and cyclists. Nature lovers can admire a unique beauty of panoramic views, protected flora and fauna and rare natural formations. Due to natural snow cover, the slopes of the mountains offer excellent skiing conditions almost 5 months in the year. Winter sports lovers can visit numerous ski resorts such as Malinô Brdo or Jasná under Mount Chopok in Low Tatras and many others. All ski resorts are well-equipped with funiculars and ski lifts; the ski resort Jasná operates 24-person funicular with capacity 30 000 person per hour, that is one of the most modern in the world.

The territory is well-known also for the beauties of underground world- the Demänovská Cave of Liberty and Demänovská Ice Cave that is one of the first discovered caves in the world. The caves are hidden beneath the northern slopes of Nízke Tatry and due to the length of 25 km create the largest cave system in Europe.

Liptov offers plenty of opportunities for all-year-round individual and group sport activities. There are many private as well as hotel accommodation possibilities available for tourists of all kinds. Liptov, blessed with natural beauties and cultural attractions, is one of the jewels of tourism in Slovakia.


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